The country has no outlet to the sea, but thanks to the geographical position Belarus is an important trade and transport corridor between Europe and the CIS countries. The territory of Belarus is water separate for basins of the Baltic and Black seas. In total 20,8 thousand rivers, with a general extent of 90,6 thousand km are. The largest rivers, more than 500 km long – Dnieper and its inflows Pripyat, Berezina, Sozh; Neman and its inflow of Viliya; The Western Dvina.

In Belarus there are 10,8 thousand lakes. The deepest, various on outlines and picturesque lakes are in the Belarusian Poozerye. The biggest lake Naroch occupies the space about 80 Also 136 artificial reservoirs the largest of which – Vileyskoye by the sizes (79,2 is comparable to the lake Naroch are created.

The natural vegetable cover of Belarus occupies about 65% of the space. It differs in a variety which is caused by placement of the territory in a transitional strip from Euroasian coniferous and forest to the European broad-leaved and forest zone. As a part of natural vegetation the woods which alternate with meadow and marsh communities prevail. As the main forest forming breed the pine acts. The pine woods occupy more than a half of all forest cover space.

To various character of vegetation there corresponds the fauna of the country. It is presented by inhabitants of the mixed woods, a taiga, steppes. In the deciduous and mixed woods with the developed grass cover their live also representatives of relic ancient fauna – bison. Owing to the geographical position Belarus is on crossing of important trans-European communication axes. Flat character of a relief and lack of the expressed natural boundaries on borders with neighboring countries promote creation of transhighways.

Across the territory of the country pass the shortest transport ways connecting Western and Eastern Europe to the Central and East regions of Russia, on the one hand, of the coast of the Baltic and Black seas with another. The main of them are highways: Berlin-Brest-Minsk-Moscow, and also Helsinki-Sankt-St. Petersburg-Vitebsk-Gomel-Kiev.

Administrative division

Belarus has 6 areas with the centers in Minsk, Brest, Vitebsk, Gomel, Grodno and Mogilev. Each area shares on areas, the cities and other territorial and administrative units. In Belarus more than 1000 cities, including 12 cities with the population over 100 thousand people are located.


Climate of Belarus moderate and continental, with soft and damp winter and in the warm summer. The warmest time — from May to September; average monthly air temperature during this period fluctuates from +13 to +19 degrees Celsius. It is considered July, the cold — January warmest month.